Should online dating sites do background checks
Increasing the availability of data and funding will help inform and evaluate policies designed to reduce gun violence. Guerra, Ed D Gun violence is an important national problem leading to more than 31,000 deaths and 78,000 nonfatal injuries every year.
Although the rate of gun homicides in the United States has declined in recent years, U. rates remain substantially higher than those of almost every other nation in the world and are at least seven times higher than those of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and many others (see Alpers & Wilson).
For this reason, there is no single profile that can reliably predict who will use a gun in a violent act.
Instead, gun violence is associated with a confluence of individual, family, school, peer, community, and sociocultural risk factors that interact over time during childhood and adolescence.
Gun violence is an urgent, complex, and multifaceted problem.
It requires evidence-based, multifaceted solutions. Psychology can make important contributions to policies that prevent gun violence.
Although it is important to recognize that most people suffering from a mental illness are not dangerous, for those persons at risk for violence due to mental illness, suicidal thoughts, or feelings of desperation, mental health treatment can often prevent gun violence.
Policies and programs that identify and provide treatment for all persons suffering from a mental illness should be a national priority.
The most consistent and powerful predictor of future violence is a history of violent behavior.
The mental health community must take the lead in advocating for community-based collaborative problem-solving models to address the prevention of gun violence.
Such models should blend prevention strategies in an effort to overcome the tendency within many community service systems to operate in silos.
The licensing of handgun purchasers, background check requirements for all gun sales, and close oversight of retail gun sellers can reduce the diversion of guns to criminals.
Reducing the incidence of gun violence will require interventions through multiple systems, including legal, public health, public safety, community, and health.
Threat assessment teams gather and analyze information to assess if a person poses a threat of violence or self-harm, and if so, take steps to intervene.